Rational fraction conversion/handling
This set of functions assist in creating rational fractions (numbers represented by a fraction with an integer numerator and denominator).
The rational(...) function converts a floating point value to a rational fraction.
It aims to generate as close an approximation as is reasonably possible, and to use as small (simple) a numerator and denominator as possible.
Conversion of a floating point number to a rational fraction:
>>> rational(0.75) (3, 4)
Scale a rational's numerator and denominator to fit within limits:
>>> limit( (1500,2000), 80, -80) (60, 80)
Find the greatest common divisor:
>>> gcd(18,42) 6
rational(...) uses the "continuous fractions" recursive approximation technique.
The algorithm effectively generates a continuous fractions up to a specified depth, and then multiplies them out to generate an integer numerator and denominator.
All depths are tried up to the maximum depth specified. The least deep one that yields an exact match is returned. This is also the simplest.
The numerator and denominator are simplified further by dividing them by their greatest common denominator.
For more information on continuous fractions try these: - http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ContinuedFraction.html - http://sites.google.com/site/christopher3reed/confracs - http://www.cut-the-knot.org/do_you_know/fraction.shtml - http://www.mcs.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Knott/Fibonacci/cfINTRO.html#real
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-- Automatic documentation generator, 05 Jun 2009 at 03:01:38 UTC/GMT
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